H.H. Kausch, Crazing in Polymers 
ISBN: 354051306X | edition 1990 | PDF | 414 pages | 27 mb

The use of polymer glasses to make structural components has increased significantly over the last decade but is still limited by the tendency of these materials to fail in a macroscopically brittle manner (i.e., with no large scale plastic deformation before cracking). The brittleness can be traced to the formation under tensile stress of small crack-like defects called crazes. Unlike cracks, these are load bearing because their two surfaces are bridged by many small fibrils with diameters in the range 5 to 30 nm.

 

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